Issue 35, 2018
 As Storm Looms, 4th Circuit Reverses Ruling Against Dominion on Coal Ash Pollution at Chesapeake Site
"Water pollution from a coal ash landfill and settling ponds at a closed power plant in Chesapeake is not a violation of the federal Clean Water Act or the conditions of a state permit to enforce the law, a federal appeals court panel ruled."

Why this is important: The Fourth Circuit overturned the lower court's ruling because it determined the lower court misapplied the Clean Water Act. The lower court found that Dominion Energy violated the Clean Water Act because arsenic from one of its coal ash landfills was carried to navigable waters by rainwater and surface water. The Fourth Circuit reined in an expansion of the Clean Water Act by ruling there cannot be a violation of the Act unless there is a discharge "from a point source." --- Nicholas S. Preservati
 EPA Proposes Rollback of Obama-Era Laws on Methane Leak Inspections and Repairs
"The draft proposal on the EPA's website, which will be published in the Federal Register, would weaken a 2016 rule requiring energy companies to conduct leak inspections on their drilling equipment as regularly as every six months."

Why this is important: The natural gas production industry is helping to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from the production of electricity. The contribution of fugitive emissions of methane from modern oil and gas drilling operations is a very minimal source of emissions because current operations are so efficient. These regulations are another attempt to increase the cost and hence discourage the production of shale gas as a fossil fuel. If the EPA really wanted to diminish what is a small contributor to global methane emissions, then it would help underfunded state oil and gas regulators to plug abandoned vertical wells and outdated and leaky gathering systems, which likely contribute the most to any supposed methane emissions. There are tens of thousands of older vertical wells and their associated gathering systems spread across our nation that are either abandoned or in disrepair. A federal initiative to help fund the plugging of these wells and the elimination of leaky gathering systems by the responsible state agencies would be the most beneficial way to approach this potential emission source rather than placing further costs on modern, and much more effective, shale gas operations where this is not a problem. --- William M. Herlihy
 The Town Where Fracking Has Been Going On Since the 1970s
"Wytch Farm in Dorset is in the heart of an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. But you would be forgiven for not knowing the largest oilfield in western Europe is even there."

Why this is important: Wytch Farm is nestled in a pine forest near a nature reserve and on islands off Poole Harbour, UK. The French company Perenco has owned an oilfield there and has been quietly producing thousands of barrels a day, by means of a form of fracturing, since the late 1970s. Locals say they have never had any seismic impact of which they are aware from the fracturing and opine the drilling work has been very well done. Even fishing ponds close to the main operations still are quite peaceful according to local anglers, none of whom have complained of any fracturing fluid leaking into local waters either. In the next few years, the UK is expecting the biggest acceleration of onshore oil and gas drilling since World War II, with tax breaks already announced and 176 licenses issued. --- John C. (Max) Wilkinson
 FERC Not Working with Trump White House on Coal, Nuke Bailout
"Staff of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has not communicated with the White House over a proposal to bail out coal and nuclear generators, the chairman of FERC said in a letter to Congressional Democrats released."

Why this is important: The Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulation Commission has written Congress that FERC staff is not working with the White House on grid resilience at this time. Comments by a FERC staff member at a recent conference raised concerns it was being worked on by FERC and the Trump administration. Earlier this year, FERC rejected attempts to make grid resilience a factor in deciding whether to close nuclear and coal plants. The Trump administration now is trying to revive the plan. --- Mark E. Heath
 New Jersey Seeks to Realize Green Dreams with Other People's Money
"The nice part of the story, of course, is that the writer admits solar subsidies are paid for by surcharges on the electrical bills of low and moderate consumers and end up financing the solar virtue-signaling of wealthier households."

Why this is important: Home solar installations are often uneconomical, and the (usually wealthier) homeowners who install them may be subsidized by less affluent ratepayers on the system. Encouraging solar installations by customers of more moderate means will require additional subsidies, to be spread over the rate base. When evaluating whether the subsidies are worthwhile, the author notes that, in terms of lifetime power generation, a million dollar investment in wind will generate twice as much power as the same solar investment over its lifespan. The same amount of money sunk into a natural gas well will produce 16 times as much electricity. --- David L. Yaussy
 Pipeline Investors Fight Climate Change
"If you want to make a real difference in combating global warming, you're better off investing in a pipeline company rather than donating to the Sierra Club."

Why this is important: Williams Companies, through its affiliate Transco and other interstate pipeline companies, are attempting to create the pipeline infrastructure necessary to provide cheap shale gas to markets in the Northeast and Southeast. This provision of clean-burning natural gas reduces harmful emissions while offering a cost-effective source of power to these regions. Environmental groups are opposing the completion of these pipeline networks to the detriment of our environment as well as consumers. The goal of the Sierra Club and others is to eliminate domestic fossil fuel consumption entirely regardless of the consequences to the American consumer in terms of the price and availability of electricity. And, this anti-consumer advocacy is undertaken as China, India and Europe forge ahead with coal-fired power plants that continue to ramp up the emission of carbon dioxide, mercury and other substances to unprecedented levels. The Sierra Club should focus its money and advocacy on these foreign sources of pollution if they truly want a cleaner worldwide environment. --- William M. Herlihy
 Exxon Appeals Massachusetts Climate Case to Supreme Court
"Exxon Mobil Corp. is asking the Supreme Court to block Massachusetts's attorney general from demanding certain information in an investigation over climate change."

Why this is important: Exxon is not only fighting Ms. Healey's investigation, it is fighting the weaponization of State Attorneys General. The Massachusetts Attorney General's Office is utilizing privately funded legal fellows to investigate fossil fuel companies and to push a clean energy agenda. The legal fellows are funded by former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, and have also been hired by the AG offices in Maryland, New York, Oregon and Washington. The salaries and benefits of the legal fellows are officially paid by the State Energy and Environmental Impact Center ("SEEIC"), and in turn, the AG's are asked to coordinate with SEEIC and "interested allies on legal, regulatory and communications efforts regarding clean energy, climate change, and environmental issues." 
--- Nicholas S. Preservati
 Price of PA Marcellus Gas Going Higher, Even with More Production
"Why are northeast gas prices higher today and staying higher? In a word, pipelines."

Why this is important: The importance of pipeline integration for both natural gas and its related liquids is highlighted by this gradual increase in the market price of these commodities as they achieve direct access to our regional markets. This expansion in pipeline transportation is a safe and environmentally friendly manner of transporting these products. The benefits to the utility consumer and the much safer mode of transporting these substances by pipeline rather than by rail or truck is a win-win for both the public and the industry. --- William M. Herlihy
 Strong U.S. High-Vol Demand Boosts Atlantic Metallurgical Coal Prices
"Atlantic metallurgical coal spot markets saw strong demand for high-vol B lift values to catch up with earlier increases for high-vol A and U.S. low-vol."

Why this is important: Strong demand for Appalachian metallurgical coal is continuing to drive world export prices. Currently, high vol A is being exported at $187; high vol B at $159 and premium low vol HCC is exporting at $207.40. The good news for U.S. producers is the high prices are forecast well into 2019. --- Mark E. Heath
 What Trendy Environmentalism Ignores to the Detriment of Mankind
"How does one explain why current American 'environmentalism' is ignoring the one-third of the world's population who need to modernize their sanitation, health care, interior air quality, reliable electricity/grid, and broadband?"

Why this is important: The anti-drilling Southwest Pennsylvania Environmental Health Project ("EHP") has offered up "research" in a pay-for-play journal as supposed justification for a quarter mile stand-off between gas wells and occupied dwellings. Such a stand-off would eliminate about 90 percent of all shale drilling in Pennsylvania (arguably EHP's goal). Yet, wells drilled on school property in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania are only feet away from school buildings. That school is flourishing, with a huge new revenue source, and the students present no health problems from the "fractured wells," which are only a fraction of the distance away from that demanded by EHP. American "environmentalism" is ignoring one-third of the world's population who need to modernize their sanitation, health care, interior air quality, reliable electricity/grid and broadband. Contemporary "green" activism seems downright inhumane, short-sighted, uneconomic and pessimistic about the roughly two billion people not yet living in the modern world. Several million people die every year in the developing world from basic diseases caused by interior air pollution, dirty water and poor sanitation. This morbidity and mortality could be improved substantially by unleashing, rather than hindering, tight oil and gas development. --- John C. (Max) Wilkinson
 China's Growing Appetite for Gas Good for Producers but New Challenges Arise
"But in gas, China is not a dominant player. It consumes just 6.6 percent of the world's total, although it is still the world's third-largest market after the U.S. and Russia."

Why this is important: China is hungry for natural gas imports. Sending LNG exports from the U.S. to China is not only beneficial for our domestic economy, but also reduces China's dependence on coal as an energy source. However, the unfortunate trade war between our country and China has made U.S. sources of gas less attractive compared to other suppliers. Notably, Russia now is constructing an eastern pipeline route for Gazprom to export Russian natural gas directly to China. The longer our country is caught up in tariff wars with China, the more our domestic natural gas industry will suffer.
--- William M. Herlihy
 Massive New Mine Signals an Oil-Sands Revival
"A colossal Canadian oil-sands project may be showing the way forward for an industry many thought would never see new investments."

Why this is important: Over the last several years, low petroleum prices forced Canadian tar sands oil producers to up their game, just as unconventional oil and gas producers in the lower 48 improved efficiencies during the downturn in prices. The result is improvements such as driverless trucks, froth treatments and centrifuges that allow production costs to drop and keep mines open, and maybe even expand. There are high upfront costs associated with oil sands mines, but the decades of steady production that are possible make them attractive to those with long investment horizons. --- David L. Yaussy
 U.S. Coal Production Rises on Week to 15.6 Million st, August Sees Top 3 Production Weeks
"Weekly U.S. coal production totaled an estimated 15.6 million st in the week ended September 1, up 0.8 percent from the prior week and down 0.5 percent from the year-ago week, U.S. Energy Information Administration data showed."

Why this is important: U.S. coal production had good production weeks in August. Central Appalachian production of 2 million short tons was up 16.3 percent over last year. Illinois production is stabilized. Powder River Basin coal production for the week was up 2.3 percent over last year, but still below 2017 levels. Total U.S. production is on target for 754 million tons in 2018--down 20 million tons from last year. --- Mark E. Heath
 EIA Energy Statistics
Here is a round-up of the latest statistics concerning the energy industry.


Weekly Petroleum Status Report


Natural Gas Weekly Update

Natural Gas Futures Prices

Coal Markets

Weekly Coal Production

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report

Monthly Densified Biomass Fuel Report
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